Nouns are basically the naming words. Broadly speaking, there are two types of nouns –
(1) Nouns which are visible, we can call them concrete nouns. They name physical things, animals or persons, etc.
(2) Nouns which can be felt only, we can call them abstract nouns. They name a feeling, action, quality, state, etc.
Nouns are generally used as the subject or object of a verb. In a sentence structure- ‘Subject verb + Object’, various nouns can be used as the grammatical object of a verb; that results in “verb + noun” combinations. In this book, all headwords are nouns and if you want to be able to use nouns correctly, it is not enough if you know their meaning. You must also know what verbs they (nouns) can occur with. To understand, let us take an example. The word “challenge” as a noun can be used as the grammatical object of following various verbs-
accept a challenge face a challenge meet a challenge
issue a challenge pose a challenge present a challenge
mount a challenge relish a challenge rise to a challenge
take up / on a challenge beat off/ fight off a challenge overcome a challenge
tackle a challenge love a challenge enjoy a challenge
throw down a challenge
The headwords in this book are all nouns and you know that various adjectives can modify a noun by using them before it. It is called the attributive use of adjectives. This attributive use of adjectives results in “adjective + noun” combinations. For example, various adjectives can be used attributively before the noun- “challenge” as under :-
a big challenge a great challenge a huge challenge
a real challenge a serious challenge a difficult challenge
a tough challenge a major challenge a main challenge
a fresh challenge a new challenge a political challenge
a leadership challenge an exciting challenge an interesting challenge
an economic challenge an environmental challenge
This book gives you nounwise acceptable combinations of “verb + noun (as object)” and “adjective + noun”. These combinations are the most important ones for achieving complete mastery of various adjectives, verbs and nouns generally used very frequently.